Lunar Eclipse – September 2015


Lunar Eclipse as Seen From Minnesota – September 2015

It’s been almost a year since I’ve had time to post anything, but I’ll break internet silence with something quick and easy.  A combination of a lunar eclipse in near-perfect weather and a break between home projects motivated me to dust off the telescope and haul it out to the backyard to use as a tracking platform for my DSLR camera and one of my wife’s telephoto lenses.  I almost passed on the opportunity since there would always be better internet images available on the morning after (or even in real time), but what the heck…

It has been so many years since I have had the telescope set up in our backyard that the trees have grown to the point that the view of the celestial pole near Polaris – from the telescope’s position – is totally obscured.  The eclipse was to start early in the evening and there wasn’t a lot of time to futz with tracking a star and making adjustments, so I used the SkEye app on my phone (placed flat against the wedge base) to set the telescope mount roughly to the correct position during the day. … Read the rest

Posted in Astronomy

The Mystery of the Paulding Light

A Good Scary Story Is Much More Fun Than a Simple Explanation

Picture of the Paulding Light taken on November 3, 2007 as it floats slowly downward.
Attribution: Flivver 99 at en.wikipedia/Wikimedia Commons/CC-BY-3.0

A Personal Encounter

The Paulding Light, also known as the Dog Meadow Light, was a spooky local tale that still lives on in northern Wisconsin and the upper peninsula of Michigan where it is located.  Stories that accompany the legend vary, but the particular one that we had been hearing at the time involved the death of a railroad brakeman whose spirit continued to roam the tracks at night, eternally waving his lantern in an effort to warn the oncoming train of an impending collision that would also take his life.

It was around 1970 and I was in high school when this story became a fun topic of conversation in my hometown in northern Wisconsin.  I don’t remember if I first heard of it through school or on the local radio station, but my older neighbor had just acquired his driver’s license and a beater first car, and investigating the light would be the closest thing to an adventure that we would be likely to find in that neck of the woods. … Read the rest

Posted in Odd, Strange, & Curious
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Optoma HD20 DLP Projector – Dark Spot Repair

It Could Be Caused by a Burnt Lens That is Easily Fixable

Can You Find the Dark Spot Problem In This Image?

Can You Find the Dark Spot Problem In This Image?

Optoma HD20 DLP Projector

Optoma HD20 DLP Projector

The Optoma HD20 is a fairly popular DLP projector with a 1920 x 1080 native resolution and an attractive price tag. It also seems to be afflicted with an unusual tendency to suddenly develop a diffused dark area (sometimes inaccurately described as a blurry area) that may obscure part or nearly all of the projected image.  This sudden darkening may also be accompanied by a strong smell of melting plastic, because as in the case described here, plastic is actually melting and charring.

I had been looking for a full HD projector to use to build a high-resolution 3D printer, and I ran across this unit suffering from the dark spot problem on Craigslist for $100.  I was aware that projectors with this problem could be user-repairable, and when I looked at the unit I was able to see enough to determine that the large dark area on the right side was indeed caused by a melted inner lens.

Almost Unbelievable Meltdown of Internal Plastic Lens

Almost Unbelievable Meltdown of Internal Lens

The cause of the dark region on the projected image is an oddly-shaped aspherical plastic lens that is the final element in an optical path that channels light from the reflector lamp on the left front of the unit. … Read the rest

Posted in DIY, Electronics, Home Theater, Video Equipment, Videography
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A Milling Machine Spindle Camera

Modified Webcam Provides Tool’s-Eye View of Work


Camera Mounts in a 1/2" Collet In Milling Machine Spindle

Camera Mounts in a 1/2″ Collet In Milling Machine Spindle

It’s been a busy home-project summer (as in home-maintenance) but there have been a few shop projects that I have not had time to write about. One of these projects was the fabrication of a video camera that could be swapped for the milling cutter and used to precisely place a target under the cutter visually rather than by the numbers.

Sometime last spring I got the urge to buy and perform a CNC conversion on a small Grizzly G0704 milling machine.  Before beginning this project I knew there would be a need to machine stepper-motor adapters and other hardware components to a higher degree of precision and accuracy than I routinely care about.  And since many of the parts would have to mate with the machine castings, I needed a way to measure dimensions and hole spacings more accurately than by simply using a dial caliper.

Many other DIYers have built spindle cameras (I’m calling this one a mill-cam from here on), and a web search turned up several different approaches.  I incorporated many of their ideas into this design and added a few of my own, including the ability to adjust the tilt the vertical axis of the camera.… Read the rest

Posted in DIY, Electronics, Tools & Machinery, Video Equipment, Videography

The Mechanical Salesman Automaton

Quote from the YouTube information:

“A rare 1920s automaton built by the Character Display Company in Chicago Illinois. Stored away and forgotten for about 60 years, this Mechanical Salesman is in amazing condition, still works like new and has his original shipping/storage case. Written & Narrated by Kurt Reichenbach.”

This well-produced video showcases a highly animated display that has some similarities to the Issasse coffee-drinking automatons shown in the previous post. The eyes and eyebrows are very active, and the mouth moves with a flexible and seamless joint.  And like Issasse, the mechanism appears to have seven independent motions for the various features, head, and arms.  It is animated by six cams (with one of the end cams side-pinned to serve double duty), all driven by a worm gear speed reducer.  The motions include left arm, right arm, head tilt, head pan, eyebrows, eyes, and mouth.

The manufacturer was the Character Display Co., 3249 Lakewood Avenue, Chicago 13, Illinois.

Here is what appears to be a similar display outfitted a little differently and ringing a bell instead of waving a stick:

Read the rest

Posted in Automata & Kinetic Art, Vintage
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Revisiting Kilroys in Minneapolis

Vintage Games, Advertising, Strange Wonders, and Peculiar Oddities

In the process of updating this video that I made in 2010 with new Kilroys website and contact information I realized that I had lost all of the original raw video clips during my last computer build, and all that exists now is the low bit-rate rendered SD version that you see here.

This made me start thinking about shooting an updated video in HD – which got me thinking about all of the fantastic items that have appeared at and disappeared from Kilroys over the years – which got me looking through old photos, and finally, which brought me here… to show some of those pictures.

Kilroys is an establishment owned by Kevin Hammerbeck and located in the slowly-disappearing Minneapolis warehouse district.  I call it an establishment because in a way it is a little difficult to categorize. Just a few days ago I called Kevin to ask what words I should add to the video title to make it more descriptive – Kilroys what in Minneapolis?  After some silence we started laughing – even after nearly 40 years in the business he was at temporary loss for that single short phrase that would fully describe what Kilroys is and what he does.… Read the rest

Posted in Automata & Kinetic Art, Coin-Op Machines, Restorations, Vintage
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Making Wax for Carving, Casting, and Machining

Pouring, Hand-Forming, Detail-Carving, or Polishing – Wax Does it All

Sculpting and hand carving are skills that do not come naturally to me. I can visualize, create, and generally comprehend geometric forms, but there are some things that I just cannot see while working on shapes in nature, and this includes human faces and figures.

I do still need to be able to create an acceptable figure or head now and then for automaton or animatronic projects, but unless some skill develops it is destined to be a “rework until good enough” endeavor. I can live with that shortcoming as long as the job can still eventually get done. It does however require the selection and use of sculpting or carving materials that can tolerate a lot of mistakes and rework. The ideal material would be easily hand-moldable yet firm enough to hold shape and detail without fear of damage from the slightest mishandling. It must carve easily, but it should also allow easy addition of material to fill in mistakes.

After trying a few different types of sculpting media (water-based and polymer clays, oil based plasticine, basswood, carvable foam) I decided that carving wax was a material that I could live with.… Read the rest

Posted in DIY, Sculpture, Molds, & Casting
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Review: AmScope 3.5x-45x Boom Stereo Microscope

Circuit Board Model with Trinocular Camera Port and 144 LED Ring Light

AmScope Model SM-4TX-144A Circuit Board Boom Stereo Microscope

AmScope Model SM-4TX-144A Circuit Board Boom Stereo Microscope

One of the perks that you lose when abandoning the corporate engineering environment is the access to high-end test equipment to use or borrow for your own projects, and one of the things that I missed the most was having a good quality stereo microscope within reach. Working with microwave ICs and picosecond-range pulse circuits required spending a good portion of the work day staring through microscopes while assembling die-level circuitry and performing wirebonding. Microscopes were so common in the workplace that I never really understood how pricey they were until I had to purchase a Leica scope & wirebonder and the ocular-less Mantis for general assembly work in my development lab.

I have always had some of my own basic gear at home – oscilloscopes, a logic analyzer, and other basic equipment – but no network or spectrum analyzers, and no microscope. Surplus name-brand scopes in decent condition can still command high prices, and I was recently looking for a nice used Nikon or Leica when this AmScope stereo boom microscope happened to arrive courtesy of Santa Claus. A few years earlier I had come very close to purchasing a different AmScope model based on a high percentage of favorable reviews.… Read the rest

Posted in Tools & Machinery
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“Instructograph” Morse Code Training Device


Instructograph in Operation With A Railroad Telegraph Sounder

A Little History

The Instructograph is an early electromechanical playback device used for learning Continental or American Morse code. Several different models were manufactured by the Chicago-based Instructograph Co. from the 1920s all the way into the 1980s. Learning to receive code is generally a more difficult task than learning to send, and this portable device would allow the student to practice code recognition without the aid of an instructor or fellow student.

Tape Perforations Can be Seen Where Tape Loops Around Post

Tape Perforations Can be Seen Where Tape Loops Around Post

Reels of oil-impregnated paper tape perforated with dots and dashes were used to actuate a set of electrical contacts that would in turn operate an external railroad-type sounder, a buzzer or oscillator (for tone), or a light for optical communication. The earliest versions of the Instructograph used a wind-up phonograph motor with a variable speed governor to power the rotation of the tape reels.

Other than the mechanical motor, the only other elements in the device consisted of a set of contacts, a battery, and a rheostat to control the current to the sounder or buzzer.

Later versions used a variable speed electric motor for the tape drive, and some actually included an on-board electronic oscillator that would produce an adjustable audio tone.… Read the rest

Posted in DIY, Restorations, Vintage
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Alexandre Pouchkine by François Junod

A Superb Contemporary Handwriting Automaton

This is not a new video, but this piece by François Junod is probably the most stunningly beautiful and complex automaton mechanism I have ever seen, contemporary or antique. In the context of what can be seen in this video it appears that there were no shortcuts, no compromises, and no cost-reductions – this is mechanical design done right.

But functionality was clearly not the only goal. The level of workmanship and finish detail on every piece part is unsurpassed and elevate this to a true work of art. I have been impressed by both the automaton and the video presentation since I first viewed it a couple of years ago, and I see a little more every time I watch it.

I thought it might be of interest to make some notes about how the mechanism appears to operate. I am no expert on anything, and I will make a disclaimer here by saying everything written below is my opinion or best guess and may not be accurate.

Points of Interest – Timeline

NOTE: Some sections of the video are only a fraction of a second in length. It may be helpful to open the video in a second browser if you are trying to follow along with the text.Read the rest

Posted in Automata & Kinetic Art
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Building a Working “Zoltar Speaks” Fortune Teller

Full-Size Replica of the Fortune Teller in the Film big (1988)

Sometime in the late 1970s I became fascinated with researching and collecting antique game machines, candy vending machines, and other amusement devices. My interests were at first focused on those machines that I vaguely remembered from rare visits to a penny arcade as a youth in the ’60s, and even then I was drawn to the artistic design and mechanics of the earlier designs with their art deco lines or ornate castings and wood cabinets. It wasn’t until I started locating information and pictures of these early amusement devices that I became more consciously aware that I had personally encountered many of them at fairs, in drug and dime stores, and in the local movie theater lobby.

Even in the ’60s, the penny arcade that traveled with the amusement show for the annual county fair was loaded with machines that dated back into the early ’30s, and possibly even earlier. By the time I developed the bug to start seeking out and collecting items from this era the market for coin-operated collectibles was hot and getting hotter, due in part to west-coast publications and shows that were fueling speculation and driving prices upward.… Read the rest

Posted in Automata & Kinetic Art, Coin-Op Machines, DIY, Movies, Sculpture, Molds, & Casting, Vintage
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Unauthorized Streaming of Your TV Subscription Service?

Devices No Longer In Your Possession May Still Access Your Accounts

Reset or Deauthorize Any Streaming Accounts Before Selling or Returning Network TVs or Streaming Media Players

Reset or Deauthorize Any Streaming Accounts Before Selling or Returning Network TVs or Streaming Media Players

Okay, maybe the rest of the world knows about this, but I didn’t until a few days ago. And at least a couple initial levels of Amazon tech support didn’t recognize the source of the problem either…

To be more specific, the unauthorized streaming discussed here refers to a situation where your legitimate streaming account is being accessed and used by a party not known to you, the streaming account holder. This party can view your watchlist and your list of recently viewed movies, and you can view theirs. It’s an unwillingly shared account where you are the only one paying the subscription fee. The freeloading party almost certainly knows that they are tapped into someone else’s account; however it is possible that you may be unaware that anything is wrong if you don’t access your viewing history.

We subscribe to both Amazon Prime and Netflix streaming accounts, both of which have a recently watched category that displays any past movie or TV program that was played long enough to register. Netflix gets used the most in our house and has this list on its main movie page (at least on my Roku XS – other devices may differ), so it is visible every time you browse the movie lists.… Read the rest

Posted in Home Theater, Video Equipment, Videography

Homebuilt Video Camera Stabilizer

Preventing the Blair Witch Jitters

Homebuilt Stabilizer with Canon HF-M301 Camcorder

Homebuilt Stabilizer with Canon HF-M301 Camcorder

One downside to the ultra-miniaturization camcorders and other video recording devices is the increased difficulty in holding the camera steady. The earliest camcorders, despite their awful video quality by today’s standards, did from a pure stability standpoint have the inherent advantage of larger size and mass going for them. Resting a heavy camera on the shoulder tames some of the worst jitters, but palm-sized cameras simply aren’t large enough in any axis to stabilize against the body.

Using even the simplest video stabilizer with a camcorder can result in a large improvement in picture stability. Optical and digital stabilization in camcorders can only fix a limited amount of camera mishandling – it pays to have a stable platform to start with. Learning to balance and operate a stabilizer effectively will take a fair amount of practice, but even if your movements do initially wallow around a bit when tilting and panning, the worst jitters will be gone almost from the moment you start using it.

I probably shouldn’t start off trying to explain physics behind video stabilizers – it’s a topic that is well-covered elsewhere, and you may want to skip this beginning part if you are more interested in the project.… Read the rest

Posted in DIY, Video Equipment, Videography
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Animated Semaphore Stop Light

Working Semaphore Stop Light – 5 1/2 Feet Tall

This early metal casting project is the unfortunate result of an urgent need to build something out of poured metal without first doing the proper research into what I was making. Over the years I have managed to find a few images of real semaphore lights, and what I imagined they looked like was not really close to what I built. Anyway, it is what it is, and at least I can say that it is unique.

Out of fairness, this was made more than thirty years ago, shortly after I had caught a passing glimpse of a real one in a street scene of Spielberg’s “1941”. At this time there was no web, no Google images, and VCRs and laserdiscs were just starting to become available, so even the ability to replay a movie scene on your own tape or disk was yet to come. Even at antique shows that I frequented, such as the Chicagoland slot machine & antique advertising shows, I never saw any other than the common three-color stop lights in all the years I attended. Semaphore signals had to have been there at some time, but not when I visited.… Read the rest

Posted in DIY, Sculpture, Molds, & Casting, Vintage
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DIY Resistance Soldering Outfit

Put Soldering Heat Where You Need it – Now!

This Home Resistance Soldering Rig Can Deliver Over 350 Watts of Pinpoint Power

This Homemade Resistance Soldering Rig Can Deliver Over 320 Watts of Pinpoint Soldering Power

Resistance Soldering

Resistance soldering is a process by which objects to be soldered together are heated by passing a current through them rather than by applying heat from an external source. Localized heating is caused by relatively high current passing through the resistance of the junction. As long as the heating rate of the junction exceeds the thermal dissipation rate, the temperature will rise high enough for solder to melt and flow.

There can be several advantages to using resistance soldering for certain applications, but two big ones stand out:

  • Speed – a resistance soldering unit can generate heat in a localized spot much more quickly than application of a 700 to 800 degree soldering iron which relies on conduction for heat transfer. A resistance soldering unit can also exceed soldering temperatures, heating a junction to bright orange, actually welding small parts together.
  • Steep temperature gradient – because of the rapid heating of the joint being soldered, it is possible to obtain a very high temperature gradient over a short physical distance, making it easier to prevent nearby solder joints from melting and falling apart.
Read the rest
Posted in DIY, Electronics, Tools & Machinery
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Restoration of a Berger “Chicago Ridge” Slot Machine

Reconstruction of an 1897 Berger Basket Case

As Purchased

After Restoration

After Restoration

This was a fairly extensive restoration project that was completed in the mid 1980s. I had begun to write an article about it for one of the coin-op collector magazines of the time, but the magazine closed its doors before it was finished. I’ve probably forgotten a lot of details of the restoration, but that will help keep the story to a reasonable length. It was an interesting project because it went beyond the scope of a normal slot machine restoration and required the re-creation of many missing and broken parts. In the end it turned out to be a beautiful piece that is still part of my collection.

This restoration project predates digital photography, so the few pre-restoration pictures that I have were taken with a film camera and the prints scanned. The quality of the film images is poor, and I wish I had been more thoughtful about documenting things in the past. Thankfully I was able to retake all of the post-restoration photos (20 plus years later) with better lighting and a better camera.

I should note that the two framed cards above the handle appear to be some generic reprints and are probably not correct for this machine.… Read the rest

Posted in Coin-Op Machines, Restorations
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Edge-Lit TVs Are Like a Box of Chocolates…

Displaying LCD Technology in the Worst Possible Light


Top Left – Clouding
Top Right – Dirty Screen Effect

I would guess that LCD TV enthusiasts, owners, and potential buyers that lean more toward the videophile/home-theater end of the spectrum represent a fairly small percentage of the overall market. If you are part of this minority and follow discussions on AV forums dedicated to such topics, you will learn about quality control issues that plague just about every make and model of flat-panel TV on the market. In some cases you will learn about flaws that you may never have noticed on your own, and once they are seen they usually can’t be unseen. But it is better to be able to spot a problem immediately within a return or warranty period than to suddenly discover it on your own when it is too late. Being informed can assist you in making a better choice in selecting a TV; it can also cause frustration to find out that no matter what make or model you choose, luck almost always plays a role.

It is pure speculation on my part, but it seems plausible that the Edge-Backlit LCD TV business model has settled on this general quality control philosophy:

If it lights up and displays a picture, ship it.Read the rest

Posted in Electronics, Home Theater, Video Equipment, Videography
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A $20 Transistor – L/R/C ESR Tester

Displays Device Parameters and Lead Configuration


Displays Battery Voltage While Testing (or Looking For the Nonexistent DUT)

I don’t know how long these have been available, but they are pretty cool. These testers are all over eBay in various forms for around this price, give or take. After ordering this I found a different one for about $23 with a built-in ZIF socket, which would have been handy instead of the pin socket shown here. But that didn’t have the ultracool white-on-blue backlit display.

Display Unplugs From Processor Board

Display Unplugs From Processor Board. The Trimpot Adjusts the Display Contrast.

I am really surprised how well it works. It runs on a 9v battery. There are three available connection points (pins 1-2 are connected, as are pins 4-5 on the socket) marked T1, T2 and T3. For 2-terminal devices use any two connections, and for transistors use all three. You do not need to know diode or transistor lead configurations for the test – it finds them for you. SMD pads are available on the main board itself for testing surface mount components.

When a device is connected and the test button pressed, the display initially shows the battery voltage. After a short time the display will show a symbol of the component and the assignment of the pin numbers in accordance with the way you have the part connected.… Read the rest

Posted in Electronics, Tools & Machinery

Pressure/Vacuum Casting Chamber with Camera

Allows Visual Monitoring of Degassing and Casting Operations

See What's Going On Inside Under Pressure or Vacuum

See What’s Going On Inside Under Pressure or Vacuum

Right or wrong, and subject to controversy, these are the general steps that can help produce bubble-free parts or molds using resin or silicone rubber:

  1. Measure out the two parts of the casting/molding material
  2. Mix any pigments or additives with one part of the resin or rubber, usually recommended by the manufacturer
  3. Optionally degas the components now – before combining – to minimize entrapped air or moisture. Do not over-pump below material’s vapor pressure, or you will create a nearly endless supply of new bubbles..
  4. Prepare to work quickly once the materials are mixed in the next step. The clock will be ticking…
  5. Thoroughly mix the two parts together, stirring and scraping the side walls. Transfer the mix to a new container if desired to minimize unmixed pockets of material.
  6. Fast-cure resins or mold rubbers may not give you time for this step, but degassing the mixture in a vacuum for a short time will help remove air entrapped in the stirring process.
  7. Remove the degassed mixture and carefully pour around part or into mold.
  8. Again, and only if time permits, quickly degas the the resin/mold or the mold-material/pattern to boil off bubbles introduced during the pour
  9. Apply 45 – 60 psi pressure to the casting chamber for the duration of the material’s cure time.
Read the rest
Posted in Sculpture, Molds, & Casting, Tools & Machinery
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Building a Theatrical Prop Candy Machine

An Original Design Inspired by ’40s-’50s Stoner Vending Machines

Finished Prop - A Candy Machine That Never Existed

Finished Prop – A Candy Machine That Never Existed

This was a fun little side project that came out of nowhere.

I was approached to help with development of a working prop for a stage play that was in the works for a Minneapolis theater. The prop needed to be a candy machine, specifically a Lifesaver vending machine that would be rigged to hit the jackpot and spill at least twenty lifesaver rolls out on the floor when a lever was pressed. It also had to take a coin, but that did not need to be part of the functional mechanism. There was no requirement that the prop look authentic; it just had to be recognizable as a candy machine.

The play was based on a story set in a department store the 1960s, so there was a real opportunity to make something more decorative than a simple box vending machine of later decades. I had been handed a few functional requirements and tentative dimensions, but I was already fixated on the idea of making something in the deco style of a vintage Stoner candy machine, some versions of which vended both candy bars and roll candy.… Read the rest

Posted in Coin-Op Machines
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The Taig Lathe

Treadmill Motor Drive and Custom Power Feed

Taig Micro Lathe II With Modifications

Taig Micro Lathe II With Modifications

This whole tangent – acquisition of a small lathe – started when I had a need to make a tiny 1/8″ diameter internally-threaded sleeve for tensioning a thin aircraft cable. The aircraft cable would have a small brass collar crimped and silver soldered on the end, and the sleeve would rotate freely on the cable as it threaded onto a 4-40 rod, thereby tensioning the cable. The problem wasn’t that I couldn’t chuck the small parts on my Logan/Wards 10″ lathe, but that the lathe couldn’t really achieve the spindle speeds needed to do a good job on the small-diameter parts.

For several months I had been looking for a smaller lathe – something of the Sherline variety – that would be more comfortable to work with at higher spindle speeds. I knew a little about the Taig lathe, but for some fickle reason I didn’t seriously consider it until later in the process. Early on I had also started watching for vintage Unimat lathes on eBay. A Unimat would not be the most practical choice, but I had been fascinated by them since the ’60s when their ads could be seen everywhere in hobbyist magazines and catalogs.… Read the rest

Posted in Tools & Machinery
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Building and Flying a Pitts S-1T Airplane

With a Pitts S-2E and a 1947 Aeronca Chief on the Side

Pitts S-1T N68RH Serial No. 001  Built by Roger Hess

Pitts S-1T N68RH
Serial No. 001 – Built by Roger Hess

Thousands of amateurs have built and flown their own airplanes since the beginning of manned flight, in a time before flying machines were even called airplanes. Plans for a bi-wing glider were found in a 1913 copy of The Boy Mechanic, fully described in a page and a half of text and one drawing. In the early 1930s a series of magazine articles covered the construction of a Pietenpol Air Camper, a high-wing monoplane built of wood and powered by a Model A engine. In the 1960s or early ’70s Popular Mechanics magazine published a set of plans for the Volksplane, a wonderfully simplistic and boxy airplane powered by an air-cooled Volkswagen engine.

Plans-built aircraft are still plentiful, but kit-built aircraft, where many of the sub-assemblies are supplied factory-made have increased in popularity. As long as the builder performs more than half of the overall construction effort the aircraft can still be considered amateur-built, operating with a special airworthiness certificate in the experimental category. The freedom to innovate designs destined for this experimental category – without the constraints of type certification – has resulted in a large number of amateur-built aircraft that exceed the performance, efficiency, and in many cases the beauty of production aircraft.… Read the rest

Posted in Aviation, DIY
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Review: SJK-1 Digital Wax Carving Pencil

Inexpensive Dual-Handle Unit With Independent Temperature Controls

This is Just One of Several Types of Inexpensive Wax Carvers Available on eBay

This is Just One of Several Types of Inexpensive Wax Carvers Available on eBay

After experimenting around with a few different sculpting mediums, wax seems to be a material that I might be able to do something with. Subtractive sculpting in wood requires too much vision, training, or talent – none of which I have. Clays allow addition of material to fill in mistakes, but I haven’t had much luck obtaining a finish suitable for producing a final mold from which I can cast multiple pieces.

But wax is different. Some of the harder varieties of sculpting wax can be carved and polished to a very high finish and are durable enough to easily make it through the process of mold-making. The ability to build up or repair wax fairly quickly makes it attractive for experienced sculptors as well as those of us that have to repeatedly add or subtract material until whatever we are making looks right.

It took about five minutes of using an alcohol lamp to heat tools and melt wax to realize that an electric wax pencil would be a necessity. And since I didn’t know much about what I needed or whether I would stick with carving, I looked for something that didn’t cost several hundred dollars.… Read the rest

Posted in Sculpture, Molds, & Casting, Tools & Machinery
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Equalizing CRT Phosphor Wear Patterns

Re-Use or Extend the Useful Life of CRT Projector Tubes

Proj A_green tube mod 533

Phosphor Wear Pattern on Face of One of Two Green CRT Projector Tubes.
The Effect of This Wear Was Reduced Using the Procedure Outlined Here

Note: this article is several years old but may still be of interest to some home theater enthusiasts.

CRT (cathode ray tube) projectors may be a dying technology, but they are not dead yet. Despite their size and weight compared with digital projectors, CRT projectors have some advantages that an enthusiastic subculture of home-theater aficionados cannot abandon, at least until something truly better comes along. CRTs can produce the deepest and most uniform black levels, and tube life far exceeds the lamp life of a digital. CRT projectors, despite their complexity, are highly repairable compared to a typical digital projector where even the replacement of the lamp may be cause to abandon the whole unit and buy another.

In a CRT projector three separate images produced on the faces of red, green, and blue tubes are converged and projected via separate lenses onto a screen to create a full color image. The light is actually produced by an electron beam striking a phosphor coating on the faces of the tubes.… Read the rest

Posted in Electronics, Home Theater, Video Equipment, Videography
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